Investigating seismicity surrounding an excavation boundary in a highly stressed dipping underground limestone mine.
Gangrade V; Slaker B; Collins D; Braganza S; Winfield J
Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM 2019), July 23-25, 2019, Morgantown, West Virginia. Klemetti T, Mishra B, Lawson H, Murphy M, Perry K, eds. Englewood, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, Inc., (SME), 2019 Jul; :132-142
Researchers at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are investigating the unique pillar stability issues associated with room-and-pillar mining in dipping underground stone mines. The objective of this paper is to study the post-blast impact in and around a pillar, using microseismic monitoring. To accomplish this, a microseismic monitoring system has been installed at a dipping underground stone mine in central Pennsylvania. The microseismic system is comprised of 18 uniaxial accelerometers; 12 sensors are installed in a single pillar and 6 sensors are installed in the surrounding area. More than 4,400 microseismic events have been located near the study pillar following the blasts. The number of triggers increased significantly following the blast, and the trigger rate in the first five minutes was 60 triggers per minute and three triggers per minute over the next three hours. The processing of high-quality triggers indicated a large number of low magnitude microseismic events near the blasting face. The event locations were identified more accurately by using a 3D-velocity model, with an average 9 m expected location accuracy for this array calculated using the system data. Seismicity was absent from the core of the pillar, but significant numbers of events were found following cutter roof along a crosscut as it was developed as well as in the location of a rib failure event. Additionally, the events were located in the roof, showing high number of microseismic events within 0-10 m of the roof line compared to 10-30 m above the roof line.
Mining; Underground mines; Room and pillar mining; Geologic strata; Ground stability; Environmental stress; Horizontal stress; Strata control; Environmental control; Three dimensional; 3D; Scanning techniques; Monitoring systems; Environmental monitoring; Rock mechanics; Ground control; Stress; Failure analysis; Limestone mines; Stone mines; Blasting; Environmental impacts; Acceleration; Sensors; Pillar design; Pillar mechanics; Analytical models; Excavations
V. Gangrade, CDC, NIOSH, Pittsburgh, PA
Klemetti T; Mishra B; Lawson H; Murphy M; Perry K
Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM 2019), July 23-25, 2019, Morgantown, West Virginia