NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

The effects of JP8 jet fuel on serum endocrine concentrations in men: risk assessment of acute exposure to jet fuel.

Authors
Kesner-JS; Lemasters-GK; Knecht-EA; Krieg-EF Jr.; Reutman-SR
Source
JP8: final risk assessment. Kendall RK, Smith E, eds. Brooks City-Base, TX: Air Force Institute for Operational Health, 2001 Aug; :91-96
NIOSHTIC No.
20048828
Abstract
Evidence from. animal and human studies suggest that components of JP8 jet fuel can disrupt the neuroendocrine axes that control or impact the reproductive and immunologic systems. Human studies have demonstrated reduced secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) associated with toluene and JP8 exposure. LH is critical for reproductive performance, but also effects immunologic functions by increasing interleukins involved in natural killer cell activation and B-cell differentiation. Adrenocorticopic hormone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin, corticosterone, testosterone, and estradiol also regulate immune function and are affected by compounds in fuels and exhaust JP8 represents the most common chemical exposure among members of the Armed Forces. The specific objective of this aspect of the study is to determine endocrine levels in the peripheral blood and Whether these endocrine concentrations are associated with JP8 exposure or other work conditions. Information gathered in this study would help the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) establish recommended exposure limits for military and civilian aviation.
Keywords
Aviation; Jet engine fuels; Air force personnel; Exposure; Physiology; JP-8; Jet propellant type 8; Kidney function; Liver function; Liver enzymes; Liver; Kidneys; Biomarkers; Exposure levels; Risk factors; Reproductive system; Immune system; Toluenes
Publication Date
20010801
Document Type
Chapter
Editors
Kendall-RK; Smith-E
Fiscal Year
2001
NIOSH Division
DART
Source Name
JP8: final risk assessment
State
OH; TX
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division