NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Chronic disease risks from exposure to long-hour work schedules over a 32-year period.

Authors
Dembe-AE; Yao-X
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2016 Sep; 58(9):861-867
NIOSHTIC No.
20048627
Abstract
Objectives: This study aims at evaluating the chronic disease risk related to prolonged work in long-hour schedules for eight major chronic diseases: heart disease, non-skin cancer, arthritis, diabetes, chronic lung disease, asthma, chronic depression, and hypertension. Methods: The study used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 covering 32 years of job history (1978 to 2009) for 7492 respondents. Logistic regression analyses were performed to test the relationship between average weekly work hours, and the reported prevalence of those conditions for each individual. Results: Regularly working long hours over 32 years was significantly associated with elevated risks of heart disease, non-skin cancer, arthritis, and diabetes. The observed risk was much larger among women than among men. Conclusions: Working long-hour schedules over many years increases the risk for some specific chronic diseases, especially for women.
Keywords
Diseases; Exposure levels; Risk factors; Workers; Work schedules; Cancer; Lung disease; Lung; Bronchial asthma; Hypertension; Humans; Men; Women; Fatigue; Stress; Sleep; Sleep disorders; Digestive system; Work capability; Workers; Injuries; Long work hours; Long term exposure
Contact
Allard E. Dembe, ScD, Professor of Public Health, The Ohio State University, 1841 Neil Avenue, Room 283, Columbus, OH 43210
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20160901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
adembe@cph.osu.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2016
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-010323
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
MN; OH
Performing Organization
Ohio State University
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division