A rigorous quasi-experiment tested the ameliorative effects of a sabbatical leave, a special case of respite from routine work. We hypothesized that (a) respite increases resource level and well-being and (b) individual differences and respite features moderate respite effects. A sample of 129 faculty members on sabbatical and 129 matched controls completed measures of resource gain, resource loss, and well-being before, during, and after the sabbatical. Among the sabbatees, resource loss declined and resource gain and well-being rose during the sabbatical. The comparison group showed no change. Moderation analysis revealed that those who reported higher respite self-efficacy and greater control, were more detached, had a more positive sabbatical experience, and spent their sabbatical outside their home country enjoyed more enhanced well-being than others.
Workers; Work-practices; Administration; Health-surveys; Job stress; Work-life balance; Work intervals; Rest periods; Quality of life; Quality of work life; QWL; Stress;
Author Keywords: stress; well-being; respite; sabbatical; conservation of resources theory
Oranit B. Davidson, who is now at the School of Business Administration, Peres Academic Center, Hanevi'im 8, Rehovot 76120, Israel
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