Application of an informatics-based decision-making framework and process to the assessment of radiation safety in nanotechnology.
Hoover-MD; Meyers-DS; Cash-LJ; Guilmette-RA; Kreyling-WG; Oberdorster-G; Smith-R; Cassata-JR; Boecker-BB; Grissom-MP
Health Phys 2015 Feb; 108(2):179-194
The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) established NCRP Scientific Committee 2-6 to develop a report on the current state of knowledge and guidance for radiation safety programs involved with nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at the nanoscale, at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nm, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. While the full report is in preparation, this paper presents and applies an informatics-based decision-making framework and process through which the radiation protection community can anticipate that nano-enabled applications, processes, nanomaterials, and nanoparticles are likely to become present or are already present in radiation-related activities; recognize specific situations where environmental and worker safety, health, well-being, and productivity may be affected by nano-related activities; evaluate how radiation protection practices may need to be altered to improve protection; control information, interpretations, assumptions, and conclusions to implement scientifically sound decisions and actions; and confirm that desired protection outcomes have been achieved. This generally applicable framework and supporting process can be continuously applied to achieve health and safety at the convergence of nanotechnology and radiation-related activities.
Radiation; Radiation-protection; Nanotechnology; Risk-analysis; Particulates; Workers; Work-environment; Environmental-health; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-protection; Health-protection; Safety-practices;
Author Keywords: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements; occupational safety; radiation protection; risk analysis
Mark D. Hoover, 1095 Willowdale Road, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888