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Effects of DNA repair gene polymorphisms on DNA damage in human lymphocytes induced by a vinyl chloride metabolite in vitro.
Feng-N; Li-Y; Long-C; Xia-Z-L; Brandt-Rauf-PW
Biomarkers 2014 Jun; 19(4):281-286
Background: Epidemiologic studies suggest that variability in DNA damage from vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) may be partially mediated by genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair. This study aimed to corroborate these observations with controlled experiments in vitro using cell lines from individuals with differing DNA repair genotypes to determine damage following VCM metabolite exposure. Methods: Matched pairs of lymphoblast cell lines (homozygous wild-type versus homozygous variant for either XRCC1 399 or XPD 751 polymorphism) were exposed to chloroacetaldehyde and analyzed by the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay. Results: All cell lines demonstrated a dose-response of increasing micronuclei with increasing exposure, but for both XRCC1 and XPD, the polymorphic cells peaked at higher micronucleus frequencies and declined at a slower rate to baseline than the wild-type cells. Conclusion: This supports the findings that XRCC1 and XPD polymorphisms may result in deficient DNA repair of VCM-induced genetic damage.
Epidemiology; DNA-damage; Monomers; In-vitro-study; Cell-biology; Cell-function; Cellular-function; Cell-metabolism; Metabolism; Genes; Exposure-levels; Metabolites; Morphology; Author Keywords: DNA repair; micronuclei; polymorphisms
Dr. Paul W. Brandt-Rauf, Dean's Office, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612
75-01-4; 107-20-0; 9002-86-2
Issue of Publication
University of Illinois at Chicago
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division