Exploring physical exposures and identifying high-risk work tasks within the floor layer trade.
McGaha J; Miller K; Descatha A; Welch L; Buchholz B; Evanoff B; Dale AM
Appl Ergon 2014 Jul; 45(4):857-864
INTRODUCTION: Floor layers have high rates of musculoskeletal disorders yet few studies have examined their work exposures. This study used observational methods to describe physical exposures within floor laying tasks. METHODS: We analyzed 45 videos from 32 floor layers using Multimedia-Video Task Analysis software to determine the time in task, forces, postures, and repetitive hand movements for installation of four common flooring materials. We used the WISHA checklists to define exposure thresholds. RESULTS: Most workers (91%) met the caution threshold for one or more exposures. Workers showed high exposures in multiple body parts with variability in exposures across tasks and for different materials. Prolonged exposures were seen for kneeling, poor neck and low back postures, and intermittent but frequent hand grip forces. CONCLUSIONS: Floor layers experience prolonged awkward postures and high force physical exposures in multiple body parts, which probably contribute to their high rates of musculoskeletal disorders.
Floors; Workers; Work-environment; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Exposure-levels; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Exposure-assessment; Task-performance; Posture; Repetitive-work; Hand-injuries; Risk-factors; Physical-reactions; Physical-stress; Physiological-effects; Physiology;
Author Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorders; Observational assessment; Construction trades
Ann Marie Dale, Washington University School of Medicine, Division of General Medical Sciences, Campus Box 8005, 660 S. Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110
Grant; Cooperative Agreement
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008017; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-009762; M122014
Washington University - St. Louis, Missouri