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Case-control study of student-perpetrated physical violence against educators.

Gerberich SG; Nachreiner NM; Ryan AD; Church TR; McGovern PM; Geisser MS; Mongin SJ; Watt GD; Feda DM; Sage SK; Pinder ED
Ann Epidemiol 2014 May; 24(5):325-332
PURPOSE: Although prior research focused primarily on student-on-student school violence, educators are also at risk. This study was designed to identify risk factors for assaults against educators. METHODS: Kindergarten-grade 12 educators (n = 26,000), randomly selected from a state license database, were screened for eligibility (6,469, eligible) by mailed questionnaire. Phase 1 (12-month recall) identified eligible assault cases (n = 372) and controls (n = 1,116), June 2004 to December 2005; phase 2 (case-control study; response, 78%) enabled identification of exposures through 1-month recall before student-perpetrated assaults (cases) and randomly selected months (controls). Directed acyclic graphs enabled confounder selection for multivariable logistic regression analyses; reweighting adjusted for potential biases. RESULTS: Risks (odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals) increased for working in: Special Education (5.84; 4.07-8.39) and School Social Work (7.18; 2.72-18.91); kindergarten to second grade (1.81; 1.18-2.77); urban (1.95; 1.38-2.76) schools; schools with less than 50 (8.40; 3.12-22.63), 50-200 (3.67; 1.84-7.34), 201-500 (2.09; 1.32-3.29), and 501-1000 (1.94; 1.25-3.01) students versus more than 1000; schools with inadequate resources always/frequently (1.62; 1.05-2.48) versus infrequently/never; inadequate building safety always/frequently (4.48; 2.54-7.90) versus infrequently/never; and environments with physical barriers (1.50; 1.07-2.10). Risks decreased with routine locker searches (0.49; 0.29-0.85) and accessible exits (0.36; 0.17-0.74). CONCLUSIONS: Identification of assault risk factors provides a basis for further investigation and interventions
Education; Teaching; Questionnaires; Statistical-analysis; Risk-factors; Violence-prevention; Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Workers; Work-environment; Author Keywords: Assault risk factors; Occupational violence; School violence; Student perpetrators; Violence against educators/teachers; Work-related
Leon S. Robertson, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Mayo Mail Code 807, 420 Delaware Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN, 55455
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Funding Type
Grant; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007816; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008434; M122014
Issue of Publication
Source Name
Annals of Epidemiology
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
Page last reviewed: June 10, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division