Sun protection behaviors among Latino migrant farmworkers in eastern North Carolina.
Kearney-GD; Phillips-C; Allen-DL; Nurtado-GA; Hsia-L-LB
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Dec; 56(12):1325-1331
Objective: Farmworkers are at an increased risk of skin cancer from exposure to excessive amounts of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate sun protection behaviors. Methods: A cross-sectional study of Latino farmworkers in eastern North Carolina was conducted using personal interviews followed by a full-body examination for skin cancers (N = 157). Results: Participants were predominately, young, males from Mexico who spent 9 or more hours each work day in the sun. Most reported wearing long sleeved shirts (85.7%) and long pants (98.0%). Few workers rarely used sunscreen (90.8%) or wore sunglasses (87.4%). Skin cancers were not identified among workers. Conclusions: In general, farmworkers lack sufficient information and knowledge about the risks of skin cancer from the sun. Interventions for reducing excessive ultraviolet radiation exposures are warranted.
Farmers; Workers; Work-environment; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Sociological-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Cancer; Skin-cancer; Behavior; Exposure-levels; Skin-protection; Sunburns; Sunscreening-agents; Humans; Men; Ultraviolet-radiation; Racial-factors
Gregory D. Kearney, DrPH, MPH, Department of Public Health, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, 600 Moye Blvd, MS 660, Lakeside Annex #8, Greenville, NC 27834
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Kentucky