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Health assessment of gasoline and fuel oxygenate vapors: neurotoxicity evaluation.
O'Callaghan-JP; Daughtrey-WC; Clark-CR; Schreiner-CA; White-R
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2014 Nov; 70(2)(Suppl):S35-S42
Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed via inhalation to vapor condensates of either gasoline or gasoline combined with various fuel oxygenates to assess potential neurotoxicity of evaporative emissions. Test articles included vapor condensates prepared from "baseline gasoline" (BGVC), or gasoline combined with methyl tertiary butyl ether (G/MTBE), ethyl t-butyl ether (G/ETBE), t-amyl methyl ether (G/TAME), diisopropyl ether (G/DIPE), ethanol (G/EtOH), or t-butyl alcohol (G/TBA). Target concentrations were 0, 2000, 10,000 or 20,000 mg/mg3 and exposures were for 6 h/day, 5 days/week for 13 weeks. The functional observation battery (FOB) with the addition of motor activity (MA) testing, hematoxylin and eosin staining of brain tissue sections, and brain regional analysis of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were used to assess behavioral changes, traditional neuropathology and astrogliosis, respectively. FOB and MA data for all agents, except G/TBA, were negative. G/TBA behavioral effects resolved during recovery. Neuropathology was negative for all groups. Analyses of GFAP revealed increases in multiplebrain regions largely limited to males of the G/EtOH group, findings indicative of minor gliosis, most significantly in the cerebellum. Small changes (both increases and decreases) in GFAP were observed for other test agents but effects were not consistent across sex, brain region or exposure concentration.
Animals; Laboratory-animals; Vapors; Neurotoxicity; Emission-sources; Exposure-levels; Methyl-compounds; Brain-function; Brain-damage; Proteins; Behavior; Neuropathology; Fuels; Author Keywords: Neurotoxicity; Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP); Astrogliosis; Gasoline vapor condensates; Methyl tertiary butyl ether; mEthyl t-butyl ether; t-Amyl methyl ether; Diisopropyl ether; Ethanol; t-Butyl alcohol
Charles R. Clark, 5901 Woodland Road, Bartlesville, OK 74006
108-20-3; 64-17-5; 1634-04-4; 637-92-3; 994-05-8; 75-65-0
Issue of Publication
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
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