Muscular activity of lower limb muscles associated with working on inclined surfaces.
Lu ML; Kincl L; Lowe B; Succop P; Bhattacharyan A
Ergonomics 2015 Feb; 58(2):278-290
This study investigated the effects of visual cues, muscular fatigue, task performance and experience of working on inclined surfaces on activity of postural muscles in the lower limbs associated with maintaining balance on three inclined surfaces - 0 degrees, 14 degrees and 26 degrees. Normalised electromyographic (NEMG) data were collected in 44 professional roofers bilaterally from the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialii anterior and gastrocnemii medial muscle groups. The 50th and 95th percentile NEMG amplitudes were used as EMG variables. Results showed that inclination angle and task performance caused a significant increase in the NEMG amplitudes of all postural muscles. Visual cues were significantly associated with a decrease in the 95th percentile EMG amplitude for the right gastrocnemius medial and tibialis anterior. Fatigue was related to a significant decrease in the NEMG amplitude for the rectus femoris. Experience of working on inclined surfaces did not have a significant effect on the NEMG amplitude. Practitioner Summary: Increasing angle of the working surface and task performance are two main factors contributing to muscular loading in the lower limb muscles. Input of visual cues while working on inclined surfaces may provide beneficial effects on reducing muscular loading to prevent occupational falls.
Ergonomics; Musculoskeletal system; Muscle function; Muscle physiology; Muscle stress; Fatigue; Work environment; Surface properties; Height factors; Task performance; Body mechanics; Body regions; Body distribution; Electrophysiological examinations; Construction; Construction workers; Roofers; Humans; Injury prevention;
Author Keywords: EMG; postural stability; visual cues; fatigue; inclined surfaces
Ming-Lun Lu, Taft Laboratories, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS C-24, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003400; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008432; M102014
Disease and Injury: Low Back Disorders
University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio