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A frequency-duty cycle equation for the ACGIH hand activity level.
Radwin-RG; Azari-DP; Lindstrom-MJ; Ulin-SS; Armstrong-TJ; Rempel-D
Ergonomics 2015 Feb; 58(2):173-183
A new equation for predicting the hand activity level (HAL) used in the American Conference for Government Industrial Hygienists threshold limit value (TLV) was based on exertion frequency (F) and percentage duty cycle (D). The TLV includes a table for estimating HAL from F and D originating from data in Latko et al. (Latko WA, Armstrong TJ, Foulke JA, Herrin GD, Rabourn RA, Ulin SS, Development and evaluation of an observational method for assessing repetition in hand tasks. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 58(4):278-285, 1997) and post hoc adjustments that include extrapolations outside of the data range. Multimedia video task analysis determined D for two additional jobs from Latko's study not in the original data-set, and a new nonlinear regression equation was developed to better fit the data and create a more accurate table. The equation, HAL = 6:56 lnD[F1:31/1+ 3:18 F1:31], generally matches the TLV HAL lookup table, and is a substantial improvement over the linear model, particularly for F>1.25 Hz and D > 60% jobs. The equation more closely fits the data and applies the TLV using a continuous function. Practitioner Summary: The original HAL lookup table is limited in resolution, omits values and extrapolates values outside of the range of data. A new equation and table were developed to address these issues.
Hand-protection; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Extremities; Force; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Repetitive-work; Physiological-effects; Physiology; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Exposure-assessment; Analytical-processes; Author Keywords: repetitive motion; work-related musculoskeletal disorders; exposure assessment
Robert G. Radwin, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1550 Engineering Drive, Madison, 53706-1608
Grant-Number-R21-OH-010221; Grant-Number-R01-OH-007914; M102014
Issue of Publication
WI; MI; CA
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division