Health and safety management systems through a multilevel and strategic management perspective: theoretical and empirical considerations.
Yorio PL; Willmer DR; Moore SM
Saf Sci 2015 Feb; 72:221-228
Multilevel and strategic management theory and research methods are presented and applied to current issues in occupational health and safety (H&S), the primary goal being to better understand health and safety management systems (HSMS) from a theoretical and empirical perspective. Through these perspectives, a strategic HSMS may be understood as a construct that exists objectively at the strategic level of the organization-its objective content often distinct from the implemented practices and procedures within a workgroup and from worker perceptions and interpretations of its content. These nuances highlight the types of biases that can arise when choosing a level of measurement to assess the HSMS and techniques that can be used to minimize measurement error and increase the validity of inferences made. These nuances also illuminate the contingencies important for the success of a strategic organizational HSMS. The contingencies are discussed from a theoretical perspective and presented in a conceptual HSMS model.
Safety-programs; Health-programs; Workers; Work-environment; Safety-climate;
Author Keywords: Multilevel theory and methods; Strategic management; Health and safety management systems; Safety climate; Safety culture
Patrick L. Yorio, CDC-NIOSH, Office of Mine Safety and Health Research, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, PO Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236