Respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust.
Laney AS; Weissman DN
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Oct; 56(10S):S18-S22
Objective: To provide an update on respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust. Methods: This article presents the results of a literature review initially performed for an International Conference on Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease held in summer 2013. Results: Coal mine dust causes a spectrum of lung diseases collectively termed coal mine dust lung disease (CMDLD). These include Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis, silicosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, dust-related diffuse fibrosis (which can be mistaken for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CMDLD continues to be a problem in the United States, particularly in the central Appalachian region. Treatment of CMDLD is symptomatic. Those with end-stage disease are candidates for lung transplantation. Because CMDLD cannot be cured, prevention is critical. Conclusions: Coal mine dust remains a relevant occupational hazard and miners remain at risk for CMDLD.
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Airway-obstruction; Mining-industry; Coal-mining; Coal-miners; Coal-dust; Coal-workers-pneumoconiosis; Dust-exposure; Employee-exposure; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-exposure; Silicosis; Pneumoconiosis; Lung-fibrosis; Pulmonary-disorders; Lung-disease; Surveillance
David N. Weissman, MD, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine