The health of young US workers.
Ocasio-MA; Fleming-LE; Hollenbeck-J; Fernandez-CA; LeBlanc-WG; Lin-J; Caban Martinez-AJ; Kachan-D; Christ-SL; Sestito-JP; Lee-DJ
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Oct; 56(10):1011-1018
Objectives: To provide an overview of the health status of young US workers across four domains: functional health, physical and psychological health, health behavior, and health care utilization. Methods: Pooled data from the 2004 to 2010 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed for 11,279 US workers aged 18 to 24 years, representing an estimated 16.9 million workers annually. Thirty-nine health indicators were examined and compared across nine occupational groups. Results: Compared with other occupational groups, craft workers and laborers and helpers had the highest prevalence of risky health behaviors, including current smoking and risky drinking, as well as fewer reported visits to a primary care physician in the past year. Conclusions: Young workers engage in risky health behaviors, and may benefit from targeted workplace interventions to mitigate the potentially negative long-term effects on health and well-being.
Humans; Adolescents; Age-groups; Epidemiology; Worker-health; Behavior; Physical-capacity; Work-capability; Mental-health; Psychological-adaptation; Health-care; Health-surveys; Medical-examinations; Medical-services; Health-services; Smoking; Alcoholic-beverages; Cigarette-smoking; Surveillance-programs
Manuel A. Ocasio, MSPH, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Clinical Research Building, Rm 1075, 1120 N.W. 14th St, 10th Floor (R-669), Miami, FL 33136
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida