Building occupational hygiene capacity in developing nations, NIOSH activities 1997-2005.
Sussell A; Fingerhut M
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 13-16, 2006, Chicago, Illinois. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2006 May; :16
One of the primary objectives of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is to enhance global workplace safety and health through international collaborations. Currently NIOSH chairs the World Health Organization Network of Collaborating Centers in Occupational Health, which includes 64 government agencies and universities in various countries, the International Labour Organization, and international NGOs including the International Occupational Hygiene Association. WHO estimates that only 10-15% of the global work force has access to occupational health services. The 2001-2005 WHO global work plan included 15 priority areas and 350 funded projects, with a focus on assisting developing nations and identifying practical solutions for workplace hazards. Additionally, since 1997 NIOSH has conducted targeted activities to increase occupational hygiene capacity in collaboration with international partners. Many of these have occurred in the Americas in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization. These include short occupational hygiene courses for health professionals, chemists, and engineers; technical assistance to other governments; fellowships for foreign scientists who have been trained in the United States under Fogarty training grants for environmental and occupational health; lending equipment to government agencies; and preparing training and educational materials to meet specific needs. The technical materials that are developed are disseminated freely. Examples include a Training Course and Manual for Industrial Hygiene Sampling developed to assist the Philippines Department of Labor and Employment, and Industrial Hygiene Equipment Data Sheets developed to assist a Central American regional occupational health center that was funded by the U.S. Planning for the next 5 years is ongoing.
Workers; Work-environment; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Health-programs; Demographic-characteristics; Health-services; Hazards; Education; Training; Sociological-factors
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 13-16, 2006, Chicago, Illinois