The collision auto repair safety study (CARSS): a health and safety intervention.
Parker-DL; Bejan-A; Brosseau-LM; Skan-M; Xi-M
Am J Ind Med 2015 Jan; 58(1):88-100
Background: Collision repair employs approximately 205,500 people in 33,400 shops. Workers are exposed to a diverse array of chemical, physical, and ergonomic hazards. Methods: CARSS was based on a random and purposeful sample. Baseline and one baseline and one-year evaluations consisted of 92 questions addressing issues, such as Right-to-Know, fire protection, painting-related hazards, ergonomics, electrical safety, and personal protective equipment. Owners received a report and selected at least 30% of items found deficient for remediation. In-person and web-based services were provided. Results: Forty-nine shops were evaluated at baseline and 45 at follow-up. At baseline, 54% of items were present. This improved to 71% at follow-up (P < 0.0001). Respiratory protection improved 37% (P < 0.0001) and Right-to-Know training increased 30% (P < 0.0001). Owners completed 61% of items they selected for remediation. Conclusions: Small businesses' interventions should address the lack of personnel and administrative infrastructure. Tailored information regarding hazards and easy-to-use training and administrative programs overcome many barriers to improvement.
Small-businesses; Automobile-repair-shops; Automotive-industry; Motor-vehicle-parts; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Safety-programs; Management-personnel; Respiratory-equipment; Training; Safety-education; Work-organization; Administration; Industrial-education; Workplace-studies; Personal-protective-equipment;
Author Keywords: auto-collision repair industry; Collision Auto Repair Safety Study (CARSS); health and safety program implementation; small business safety programs; intervention
David L. Parker, 3800 Park Nicollet Blvd., Minneapolis, MN 55416
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Park Nicollet Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota