The effectiveness of insurer-supported safety and health engineering controls in reducing workers' compensation claims and costs.
Wurzelbacher-SJ; Bertke-SJ; Lampl-MP; Bushnell-PT; Meyers-AR; Robins-DC; Al-Tarawneh-IS
Am J Ind Med 2014 Dec; 57(12):1398-1412
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a program in which a workers' compensation (WC) insurer provided matching funds to insured employers to implement safety/health engineering controls. METHODS: Pre- and post-intervention WC metrics were compiled for the employees designated as affected by the interventions within 468 employers for interventions occurring from 2003 to 2009. Poisson, two-part, and linear regression models with repeated measures were used to evaluate differences in pre- and post-data, controlling for time trends independent of the interventions. RESULTS: For affected employees, total WC claim frequency rates (both medical-only and lost-time claims) decreased 66%, lost-time WC claim frequency rates decreased 78%, WC paid cost per employee decreased 81%, and WC geometric mean paid claim cost decreased 30% post-intervention. Reductions varied by employer size, specific industry, and intervention type. CONCLUSIONS: The insurer-supported safety/health engineering control program was effective in reducing WC claims and costs for affected employees.
Engineering-controls; Models; Preventive-medicine; Ergonomics; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Force; Fall-protection; Repetitive-work; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Health-protection; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs;
Author Keywords: workers' compensation; prevention effectiveness; engineering controls; ergonomics; safety
Steve Wurzelbacher, PhD, Industrywide Studies Branch, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1090 Tusculum Ave., MS R-14, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
Wholesale and Retail Trade
American Journal of Industrial Medicine