Factors influencing law enforcement decisions to adopt an evidence-based robbery prevention program.
Cabell-A; Casteel-C; Chronister-T; Nocera-M; Vladutiu-CJ; Peek-Asa-C
Health Educ Res 2013 Dec; 28(6):1105-1115
Homicide is the leading cause of workplace death among small retail and service businesses in the United States. Evidence-based programs have been shown to reduce robbery and robbery-related crimes in small retail businesses; however, reaching small businesses with programs has been difficult. As small businesses typically have no corporate backing or trade affiliation, police departments have been identified as potential vehicles for program dissemination. A national sample of 300 law enforcement agencies was surveyed to identify facilitators and barriers to adoption and sustainability of an evidence-based program. The questionnaire was developed using behavioral theory concepts and administered via telephone. Preliminary findings suggest the primary facilitators to program adoption included organizational capacity factors such as staff buy-in, dedicated personnel and financial support. Competing responsibilities was the primary barrier identified by agencies. Agency size and program complexity were identified as potential predictors of program adoption. Identifying agency and program-specific characteristics that influence program adoption by law enforcement agencies will be valuable for marketing programs to agencies that have the infrastructure to support and sustain program dissemination. Understanding these factors will optimize the reach of evidence-based strategies to small businesses.
Force; Violence-prevention; Workers; Work-environment; Traumatic-injuries; Mortality-rates; Morbidity-rates; Retail-workers; Service-industries; Law-enforcement; Questionnaires
A. Cabell, Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599
Health Education Research
University of Iowa