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Association of a dietary inflammatory index with inflammatory indices and metabolic syndrome among police officers.
Wirth-MD; Burch-J; Shivappa-N; Violanti-JM; Burchfiel-CM; Fekedulegn-D; Andrew-ME; Hartley-TA; Miller-DB; Mnatsakanova-A; Charles-LE; Steck-SE; Hurley-TG; Vena-JE; Hebert-JR
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Sep; 56(9):986-989
Objectives: To determine whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII) is associated with inflammatory or metabolic biomarkers and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) among police officers. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress study were derived from saliva and fasting blood samples, anthropometric measurements, long-term shiftwork histories, and demographic, stress/depression, and food frequency questionnaires (FFQs). Metabolic syndrome was defined using standard criteria. Results: Officers in DII quartiles 2 to 4 were more likely to exceed a threshold of 3.0 mg/L forC-reactive protein (odds ratio [OR]=1.88; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.02 to 3.45; OR = 2.17; 95% CI = 1.19 to 3.95; OR=1.57; 95% CI=0.85 to 2.88, respectively) compared with quartile 1. The glucose intolerance component of MetSyn was more prevalent among officers in DII quartile 4 than among those in quartile 1 (OR = 2.03; 95% CI = 1.08 to 3.82). Conclusions: A pro-inflammatory diet was associated with elevated CRP and with the glucose intolerance component of MetSyn.
Biomarkers; Metabolic-rate; Metabolism; Humans; Men; Women; Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Stress; Blood-tests; Blood-samples; Anthropometry; Shift-work; Demographic-characteristics; Questionnaires; Proteins; Statistical-analysis; Emergency-responders; Dietary-effects
Michael Wirth, MSPH, PhD, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene St, Suite 200, Columbia, SC 29208
Issue of Publication
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
SC; NY; WV; GA
State University of New York at Buffalo
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division