Work hours and absenteeism among police officers.
Fekedulegn-D; Burchfiel-CM; Hartley-TA; Baughman-P; Charles-LE; Andrew-ME; Violanti-JM
Int J Emerg Mental Health Hum Resil 2013 Oct-Dec; 15(4):267-276
In this study, the cross-sectional association of paid work hours with episodes of work absence was examined in a cohort of police officers. Study subjects were participants from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) study examined between 2004 and 2009. Among 395 study participants with complete data, day-by-day work history records during the one-year period prior to date of examination were used to determine episodes of one-day and three day work absence. The Negative binomial regression analysis was used to examine rate ratios (RR) of work absence. Analyses were also stratified by gender. A one-hour increase in total work hours was associated with 5% reduction in rate of one-day work absence (RR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.92 - 0.98) and with 8% reduction in rate of three-day work absence (RR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.89 - 0.95). The association of total work hours with episodes of one-day work absence was significant only in men while the association with episodes of three-day work absence was evident in men and women. In conclusion, in this cohort of police officers, work hours were negatively associated with both durations of work absence (one-day, > or = 3 consecutive days).
Law-enforcement; Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Emergency-responders; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Psychological-effects; Humans; Women; Men; Sex-factors; Age-factors; Age-groups; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Racial-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology;
Author Keywords: police officers; work hours; sickness absence; work history
Desta Fekedulegn, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Morgantown, WV
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience