Dying for the job: police work exposure and health. Violanti JM, ed. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Ltd., 2014 Feb; :145-154
A recent newspaper article heralds results from studies on social environment and development of trauma (Dobbs, 2012). These studies claim that the social environment, after exposure to traumatic events, may determine whether or not individuals develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The influence of social support as a protective factor for development of longer term symptoms is well known (Brewin, Andrews, & Valentine, 2000; Marmar et al., 2006; Ozer, Best, Lipsey, & Weiss, 2003; Wu et al., 2013; Yuan et al., 2011). The strength of social environment as a protective/risk factor points out that resilience goes beyond individual characteristics. This chapter provides an overview of current thinking and issues concerning resilience as it might be applied in law enforcement.