Encyclopedia of toxicology, third edition. Wexler P, ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2014 Mar; 3:677-681
Accidental oil spills from the tankers provide dramatic examples of the adverse impacts of large amounts of oil on aquatic and coastline ecosystems. Deepwater Horizon, Exxon Valdez, and other similar spills led to great public awareness of this problem, and subsequent legislation aimed at decreasing the probability and impact of oil spills, improving our understanding of the adverse effects of impacts of such spills, and increasing our capabilities for dealing with spills of oil. The Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force recommended that Congress ensure that a significant portion of the BP oil spill fines go to restoration of Gulf. The Exxon Valdez, Deepwater Horizon, and similar oil spill disasters illustrate the dangers of oil exploration and transportation. Oil spill prevention remains the only way to manage the transportation and exploration of this hazardous material, as no foolproof cleanup methods have been discovered. The continuing occurrence of tanker spills and the difficulties in dealing with the consequences of such incidents suggest that additional emphasis should be placed on ways to prevent such incidents in the future.
Accident-prevention; Engineering-controls; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-pollution; Environmental-protection;
Author Keywords: COREXIT; Deepwater Horizon; Dispersants; Exxon Valdez; Oil spill; Toxicity
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Encyclopedia of toxicology, third edition