Coal bed reservoir simulation with geostatistical property realizations for simultaneousmulti-well production historymatching: a case study from Illinois Basin, Indiana, USA.
Karacan-C÷; Drobniak-A; Mastalerz-M
Int J Coal Geol 2014 Sep; 131:71-89
Coal seam degasification is a means to recover energy from the methane gas retained in coal, and is also a supplementary measure to ventilation, which is proven to be one of the most effective ways to reduce methane emissions to a safe level in coal mines. Reservoir simulation is probably the most effective way to assess the coal seam as a "gas reservoir" and thereby its fluid-storage and flow-related properties. This objective is achieved by taking advantage of history matching of wellbore production. Reservoir simulation with multi-well history matching is a tedious process as important coal properties that affect wells' production characteristics are spatially variable across the seam. The common practice is to change various properties at the well blocks during the history matching process, and assume that they are uniform across the domain of interest. This process, however, often does not produce realistic and effective results for well or coal reservoir management. In this work, a multi-level approach to coal bed reservoir simulation is demonstrated for a group of coalbed methane wells in the Illinois Basin producing from the Seelyville Coal Member of the Linton Formation of the Carbondale Group (Pennsylvanian) in Indiana. This approach includes, in order, gas and water deliverability analyses of wells, geostatistical simulation and co-simulation, and coal bed reservoir simulation. It is shown that a reservoir model, which utilizes the geostatistical maps of important coal properties, is effective for simultaneous history matching of all wells, and eliminates the need for guessing and changing values of coal properties at and around individual well blocks. This methodology also provides realistic distributions of reservoir parameters and how they change during gas depletion, and thus aids in coal seam and coal gas management.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Methane-drainage; Ventilation-systems; Ventilation; Simulation-methods; Geology; Models; Coal-gas;
Author Keywords: Coalbed methane; Illinois Basin; Seelyville coal; Coal bed reservoir simulation; History matching; Geostatistics
C. ÷zgen Karacan, 626 Cohcrans Mill Road, PO 18070, Pittsburgh PA, 15236, USA
International Journal of Coal Geology