Reducing occupational risk for blood and body fluid exposure among home care aides: an intervention effectiveness study.
Amuwo-S; Lipscomb-J; McPhaul-K; Sokas-RK
Home Health Care Serv Q 2013 Mar; 32(4):234-248
The purpose of this quasi-experimental pretest/posttest research study was to examine the effectiveness of an intervention designed through a participatory process to reduce blood and body fluid exposure among home care aides. Employer A, the intervention site, was a large agency with approximately 1,200 unionized home care aides. Employer B, the comparison group, was a medium-sized agency with approximately 200 home care aides. The intervention was developed in partnership with labor and management and included a 1-day educational session utilizing peer educators and active learning methods to increase awareness about the risks for occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among home care aides and a follow-up session introducing materials to facilitate communication with clients about safe sharps disposal. Self-administered preintervention and postintervention questionnaires identifying knowledge about and self-reported practices to reduce bloodborne pathogen exposure were completed in person during mandatory training sessions 18 months apart. Home care aides in the intervention group for whom the preintervention and postintervention questionnaires could be directly matched reported an increase in their clients' use of proper sharps containers (31.9% pre to 52.2% post; p = .033). At follow-up, the intervention group as a whole also reported increased use of sharps containers among their clients when compared to controls (p = .041).
Safety-education; Training; Waste-disposal; Hazardous-materials; Needlestick-injuries; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Biohazards; Bloodborne-pathogens; Body-fluids; Health-care-personnel; Health-care; Work-practices; Safety-practices; Employee-exposure; Risk-analysis;
Author Keywords: community and home care; occupational health and safety; participatory research; worker safety
Shakirudeen Amuwo, PhD, MPH, Chicago State University, 9501 South King Drive, BHS 201, Chicago, IL 60628, USA
Home Health Care Services Quarterly
University of Maryland, Baltimore