Characterization of indoor air contaminants in a randomly selected set of commercial nail salons in Salt Lake County, Utah, USA.
Alaves-VM; Sleeth-DK; Thiese-MS; Larson-RR
Int J Environ Health Res 2013 Sep-Oct; 23(5):419-433
Air samples were collected in 12 randomly selected commercial nail salons in Salt Lake County, Utah. Measurements of salon physical/chemical parameters (room volume, CO2 levels) were obtained. Volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations were collected using summa air canisters and sorbent media tubes for an 8-h period. Multivariate analyses were used to identify relationships between salon physical/ chemical characteristics and the VOCs found in the air samples. The ACGIH® additive mixing formula was also applied to determine if there were potential overexposures to the combined airborne concentrations of chemicals monitored. Methyl methacrylate was detected in 58% of the establishments despite having been banned for use in nail products by the state of Utah. Formaldehyde was found above the NIOSH REL® (0.016 ppm) in 58% of the establishments. Given the assortment of VOCs to which nail salon workers are potentially exposed, a combination of engineering as well as personal protective equipment is recommended.
Air-samples; Sampling; Analytical-processes; Air-contamination; Air-quality; Fumes; Ventilation; Chemical-properties; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Workers; Work-environment; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-exposure; Organic-compounds; Formaldehydes
Darrah K. Sleeth, Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational & Environmental Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City , UT
International Journal of Environmental Health Research
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah