Exposures to ELF-EMF in everyday environments.
Epidemiology of electromagnetic fields. Röösli M, ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014 Jun; 7:93-124
A crucial step in epidemiology involves understanding the exposures that may affect human health. This chapter covers the basic elements that determine exposures to electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) at extremely low frequencies (ELFs identical to ≡ >0-3000 Hz) in everyday environments, particularly electric utilities, residences, schools, offices, transportation, and manufacturing. The chapter starts with an overview of basic concepts. For each environment, important sources of ELF-EMFs are described, followed by a brief survey of exposure measurements. Basic ELF-EMF Concepts: The objectives of this section are to introduce the terminology, notation, and physical concepts used in the assessment of ELF-EMF exposures. The focus is on the physical characteristics of EMF that have been hypothesized to affect human health.
Epidemiology; Electromagnetic-fields; Electrical-fields; Magnetic-fields; Exposure-assessment; Environmental-hazards; Electromagnetic-energy; Electromagnetic-absorption; Electrophysiological-measurements; Health-hazards; Electrical-transmission; Electrical-workers; Physical-properties
Epidemiology of electromagnetic fields