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Improving eye safety in citrus harvest crews through the acceptance of personal protective equipment, community-based participatory research, social marketing, and community health workers.

Tovar-Aguilar JA; Monaghan PF; Bryant CA; Esposito A; Wade M; Ruiz O; McDermott RJ
J Agromedicine 2014 Jun; 19(2):107-116
For the last 10 years, the Partnership for Citrus Workers Health (PCWH) has been an evidence-based intervention program that promotes the adoption of protective eye safety equipment among Spanish-speaking farmworkers of Florida. At the root of this program is the systematic use of community-based preventive marketing (CBPM) and the training of community health workers (CHWs) among citrus harvester using popular education. CBPM is a model that combines the organizational system of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and the strategies of social marketing. This particular program relied on formative research data using a mixed-methods approach and a multilevel stakeholder analysis that allowed for rapid dissemination, effective increase of personal protective equipment (PPE) usage, and a subsequent impact on adoptive workers and companies. Focus groups, face-to-face interviews, surveys, participant observation, Greco-Latin square, and quasi-experimental tests were implemented. A 20-hour popular education training produced CHWs that translated results of the formative research to potential adopters and also provided first aid skills for eye injuries. Reduction of injuries is not limited to the use of safety glasses, but also to the adoption of timely intervention and regular eye hygiene. Limitations include adoption in only large companies, rapid decline of eye safety glasses without consistent intervention, technological limitations of glasses, and thorough cost-benefit analysis.
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Humans; Men; Women; Eye-protection; Eye-protective-equipment; Eye-shields; Eyes; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Safety-glasses; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Sociological-factors; Racial-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Preventive-medicine; Training; Education; Models; Author Keywords: CBPR; community health workers; personal protective equipment (PPE); safety glasses; social marketing
J. Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, MA, Florida Prevention Research Center, University of South Florida College of Public Health, 13201 Bruce B. Downs Boulevard, Tampa, FL 33612
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-516863; M062014
Issue of Publication
Source Name
Journal of Agromedicine
Page last reviewed: May 13, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division