Physical assaults among education workers: findings from a statewide study.
Tiesman-HM; Hendricks-S; Konda-S; Hartley-D
J Occup Environ Med 2014 Jun; 56(6):621-627
OBJECTIVE: Enumerate and describe physical assaults occurring to Pennsylvania education workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was mailed to a random sample of 6450 workers, stratified on gender, occupation, and region. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors for physical assault. RESULTS: During the 2009-2010 school year, 309 of 2514 workers were assaulted 597 times. Special education teachers, urban workers, and those in their first 3 years of employment were at an increased risk. Most assaults did not lead to medical care or time away from work; however, those assaulted were significantly more likely to find work stressful, have low job satisfaction, and consider leaving the education field (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.5 [95% CI = 1.5 to 4.1]; AOR = 2.4 [95% CI = 1.5 to 3.9]; AOR = 10.7 [95% CI = 4.1 to 28.1]). CONCLUSIONS: Although education workers experienced few serious physical assaults, the impact of this violence was considerable.
Violence-prevention; Education; Teaching; Behavior; Physical-reactions; Health-surveys; Risk-factors; Mathematical-models; Work-environment; Worker-health; Job-stress; Emotional-stress; Surveillance
Hope M. Tiesman, PhD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, Analysis and Field Evaluations Branch, 1095Willowdale Rd, M/S 1811, Morgantown, WV 26506
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine