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Graphene oxide attenuates Th2-type immune responses, but augments airway remodeling and hyperresponsiveness in a murine model of asthma.
Shurin-MR; Yanamala-N; Kisin-ER; Tkach-AV; Shurin-GV; Murray-AR; Leonard-HD; Reynolds-JS; Gutkin-DW; Star-A; Fadeel-B; Savolainen-K; Kagan-VE; Shvedova-AA
ACS Nano 2014 Jun; 8(6):5585-5599
Several lines of evidence indicate that exposure to nanoparticles (NPs) is able to modify airway immune responses, thus facilitating the development of respiratory diseases. Graphene oxide (GO) is a promising carbonaceous nanomaterial with unique physicochemical properties, envisioned for a multitude of medical and industrial applications. In this paper, we determined how exposure to GO modulates the allergic pulmonary response. Using a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma, we revealed that GO, given at the sensitization stage, augmented airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodeling in the form of goblet cell hyperplasia and smooth muscle hypertrophy. At the same time, the levels of the cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were reduced in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in GO-exposed mice. Exposure to GO during sensitization with OVA decreased eosinophil accumulation and increased recruitment of macrophages in BAL fluid. In line with the cytokine profiles, sensitization with OVA in the presence of GO stimulated the production of OVA-specific IgG2a and down-regulated the levels of IgE and IgG1. Moreover, exposure to GO increased the macrophage production of the mammalian chitinases, CHI3L1 and AMCase, whose expression is associated with asthma. Finally, molecular modeling has suggested that GO may directly interact with chitinase, affecting AMCase activity, which has been directly proven in our studies. Thus, these data show that GO exposure attenuates Th2 immune response in a model of OVA-induced asthma, but leads to potentiation of airway remodeling and hyperresponsiveness, with the induction of mammalian chitinases.
Nanotechnology; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Respiration; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-disorders; Diseases; Chemical-properties; Chemical-composition; Animals; Laboratory-animals; Analytical-processes; Author Keywords: Th2 responses; macrophage activation; IgE-independent AHR; chitinases
Issue of Publication
University of Pittsburgh at Pittsburgh
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division