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Using O*NET to estimate the association between work exposures and chronic diseases.
Dembe-AE; Yao-X; Wickizer-TM; Shoben-AB; Dong-X
Am J Ind Med 2014 Sep; 57(9):1022-1031
Background: A standardized process using data from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is applied to estimate the association between long-term aggregated occupational exposure and the risk of contracting chronic diseases later in life. We demonstrate this process by analyzing relationships between O*NET physical work demand ratings and arthritis onset over a 32-year period. Methods: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth provided job histories and chronic disease data. Five O*NET job descriptors were used as surrogate measures of physical work demands. Logistic regression measured the association between those demands and arthritis occurrence. Results: The risk of arthritis was significantly associated with handling and moving objects, kneeling, crouching, and crawling, bending and twisting, working in a cramped or awkward posture, and performing general physical activities. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the utility of using O*NET job descriptors to estimate the aggregated long-term risks for osteoarthritis and other chronic diseases when no actual exposure data is available.
Analytical-processes; Statistical-analysis; Occupational-exposure; Chronic-inflammation; Diseases; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Articulation; Bone-disorders; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Physical-stress; Job-analysis; Manual-materials-handling; Materials-handling; Body-mechanics; Work-performance; Author Keywords: O*NET; NLSY; arthritis; osteoarthritis; musculoskeletal; chronic disease; occupational exposure
AllardE.Dembe, Sc.D.,Professor, Division o Health Services Management & Policy, Director Center for Health Outcomes, Policy and Evaluation Studies, The Ohio State University College of Public Health, 283 Cunz Hall ,1841 Neil Avenue,Columbus, OH 43210
Grant-Number-R21-OH-010323; M052014; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008433
Issue of Publication
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Ohio State University
Page last reviewed: June 28, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division