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An empirical investigation of the relationship among forms of workplace mistreatment.
Walsh BM; Magley VJ
Violence Vict 2014 Mar-Apr; 29(2):363-379
Organizational researchers argue that workplace mistreatment scholarship is hampered because of the wide variety of constructs studied. To investigate this concern, we conducted an item-level analysis of the relationship among workplace mistreatment experiences to assess construct overlap. Employed students reported how similar 17 mistreatment experiences were to one another (i.e., from measures of sexual harassment, generalized harassment, and incivility) and subject matter experts indicated the degree to which each experience represented several dimensions including Buss's (1961) dimensions (i.e., verbal/physical, active/passive, and direct/indirect) and others (i.e., sexual/ nonsexual and intentional/accidental). Nonsexual forms of mistreatment (i.e., generalized harassment and incivility) were perceived similarly despite their different conceptual definitions, whereas sexual harassment experiences were relatively distinct. Implications of the findings are discussed.
Workers; Work-environment; Force; Behavior; Physical-stress; Physical-reactions; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Physiology; Author Keywords: generalized harassment; sexual harassment; workplace aggression; workplace incivility; workplace mistreatment
Issue of Publication
Violence and Victims
University of Connecticut Storrs, Storrs-Mansfield
Page last reviewed: November 19, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division