Occupational homicide of law enforcement officers in the US, 1996-2010.
Swedler-DI; Kercher-C; Simmons-MM; Pollack-KM
Inj Prev 2014 Feb; 20(1):35-40
OBJECTIVE: To understand the circumstances surrounding the occupational homicides of law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the USA. METHODS: Narrative text analysis of Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted reports. RESULTS: A total of 796 officers were killed in the line of duty between 1996 and 2010. The occupational homicide rate during the time peaked in 2001 at 3.76/100,000 (excluding those killed during the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks), and was lowest in 2008 at 1.92/100,000. Most LEOs (67%) were killed by short-barrel firearms; 10% were killed with their own service weapon. The most frequent encounter with a suspect prior to a homicide was responding to a disturbance call. CONCLUSIONS: These results should inform officer training and the policies, as well as procedures used when interacting with suspects, especially when firearms are involved.
Law-enforcement; Law-enforcement-workers; Work-environment; Police-officers; Humans; Men; Women; Emergency-responders; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Training; Behavior-patterns; Violence-prevention
David Swedler, Center for Injury Research and Policy, Hampton House Room 554, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Johns Hopkins University