Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2014-122, 2014 May; :1-28
The risk of motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) associated with on-the-job operation of motor vehicles or exposure to road traffic hazards affects millions of workers in the United States, and this risk cuts across all industries and occupations. MVCs are consistently the leading cause of worker fatalities, affecting workers who drive all types of motor vehicles during their work day . passenger cars, heavy trucks, fire apparatus, and many others. A wide variety of interventions may be applied to prevent work-related MVCs: administrative controls such as seat belt policies, distracted-driving policies, pre-trip vehicle checks, driver training, reduced travel, and fatigue management; and engineering controls such as more crashworthy vehicles, advanced driver assistance systems, or active safety systems. Questions remain as to which are the most effective interventions to protect workers from risks of work-related MVCs. Through strategic planning, research, collaborations with stakeholders, and communication of research results and prevention, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is working to ensure that recommended solutions to prevent work-related MVCs and resulting injuries are based on sound research and are clearly communicated to employers and workers. The NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety (CMVS) is the focal point for activities within the Institute that address this pressing occupational safety problem. The CMVS was designated in December 2010 to strengthen and sustain the Institute's research and prevention activities to reduce work-related motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries. It is a "virtual" Center through which researchers from across the Institute and external partners from government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), academia, labor, and industry bring complementary expertise to identify crash risk factors, develop and evaluate workplace interventions to prevent crashes, and communicate the results to employers and other stakeholders. The NIOSH CMVS is guided by the vision that: All workers who are exposed to hazards of motor vehicle traffic while working have the highest possible levels of protection from the risk of motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries. The primary purpose of the 5-year strategic plan for the NIOSH CMVS is to define the priority areas for research and prevention initiatives through 2018. In addition, this strategic plan provides performance measures by which the success of CMVS activities will be measured. The plan also articulates the vision, mission, guiding principles, and scope for the CMVS, placing the Center's work in the context of the work of other U.S. federal agencies, NGOs, and international partners. The development of this strategic plan was guided by the Haddon Matrix, a framework which sees the driver, the vehicle, and the environment as key points for intervention. For purposes of work-related motor vehicle safety, policies and programs were identified as another key area for intervention because of the substantive role of employer policies in establishing conditions for operation of motor vehicles in the workplace. The following five strategic goals form the foundation for this strategic plan: Strategic Goal 1: Advance understanding of risk factors associated with work-related motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries through epidemiologic analyses to guide research and prevention strategies. Strategic Goal 2: Reduce the incidence and severity of work-related motor vehicle crashes by implementing engineering and technology-based safety interventions and studying the positive or negative safety consequences of new technologies installed in vehicles. Strategic Goal 3: Reduce the incidence and severity of work-related motor vehicle crashes through the implementation of comprehensive, evidence-based road safety management policies and interventions. Strategic Goal 4: Reduce work-related motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries globally through national and international collaborations on occupational motor vehicle safety research and guidance. Strategic Goal 5: Enhance availability of clear and concise guidance and informational products on the prevention of work-related motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries. Through this strategic plan for 2014-2018, NIOSH will use its resources and work with our partners efficiently and effectively to reduce the risk of MVCs and injuries to workers who drive on the job. To assess progress toward the goals laid out in this strategic plan, the NIOSH CMVS will undertake a mid-course review, to be completed by the end of 2016. With input from government, the private sector, NGOs, researchers, and international partners, the NIOSH CMVS will continue to advance its mission to: Conduct research, evaluate interventions, communicate prevention information, and foster partnerships to protect workers from work-related motor vehicle crashes and resulting injuries.