Dissolution of materials in contact with skin film liquids.
Handbook of cosmetic science and technology, fourth edition. Barel AO, Paye M, Miabach HI, eds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2014 Jan; :189-224
The human skin serves many purposes, one of which is to provide a barrier between external environment and our internal tissues and organs. Throughout the course of our everyday lives, the skin is exposed to exogenous materials, some of which may be beneficial and others harmful. Examples of exposure sources include consumer articles such as cosmetics, textiles, and carpeting, or prophylaxes; medical devices for topical therapeutic drug delivery or noninvasive diagnostics; and occupational agents such as latex gloves and chemicals. These exposures may be intentional and involve direct application onto the skin (e.g. , use of cosmetics, topical drugs, textiles, jewelry) or be the result of unintentional contact (e.g., the settling of chemicals from air onto skin or splashing of liquids onto skin in occupational environments).
Humans; Men; Women; Skin; Skin-absorption; Skin-exposure; Skin-irritants; Skin-sensitivity; Exposure-levels; Glands; Anatomy; Cell-biology; Cell-function; Cellular-function; Cellular-reactions; Toxicology
Book or book chapter
Barel-AO; Paye-M; Maibach-HI
Handbook of cosmetic science and technology, fourth edition