Concentration gradient patterns of traffic and non-traffic-generated fine and coarse aerosol particles.
Sparks C; Reponen T; Grinshpun SA; Ryan P; Yermakov M; Simmons M; Alam M; Howard LA
J Environ Health 2014 Jan-Feb; 76(6):122-129
The research project described in this article was undertaken to establish baseline information for a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) project of Interstate 75 road construction in Cincinnati, Ohio. The objective of the authors' study was to evaluate the concentrations of elemental and organic carbon (EC and OC), as well as characterize particle number concentrations using devices that measure the fine fraction in the range of 0.02-1 microm and the coarse fraction up to 20 pm. The measurements were conducted at two sites located in the proximity of an interstate highway (at 124 and 277 m) as well as at a remote control site (at >2000 m from any interstate highway). Samples were collected for 24 hours over 12 days in each season (i.e., summer, fall, and winter). Wind data were obtained from the area weather station. Data were analyzed using mixed linear models. Significant increases in concentrations of EC, OC, and fine particles as well as in EC/OC ratios were observed with decreased distance to the highway; this difference was more pronounced in the fall. These results suggest that residents and workers in areas near high-traffic highways may be exposed to elevated levels of airborne fine particles. The results can be used as a baseline for future HIAs of road construction in the area.
Aerosols; Aerosol-particles; Particulates; Organic-compounds; Road-construction; Road-surfacing; Models; Airborne-dusts; Airborne-particles; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors
Journal of Environmental Health
University of Cincinnati