Short-term variability of pure-tone thresholds obtained with TDH-39P earphones.
Flamme-GA; Stephenson-MR; Deiters-KK; Hessenauer-A; VanGessel-DK; Geda-K; Wyllys-K; McGregor-KD
Int J Audiol 2014 Mar; 53(S2):S5-S15
Objective: To estimate the short-term variability and correlates of variability in pure-tone thresholds obtained using audiometric equipment designed for occupational use, and to examine the justification for excluding 8 kHz as a mandatory threshold in occupational hearing conservation programs. Method: Pure-tone thresholds and other hearing-related tests (e.g. noise dosimetry, otoscopy, middle-ear assessment) were conducted with a group of 527 adults between 20 and 69 years of age. Five measurement visits were completed by participants within 14 days. Results: The 50% critical difference boundaries were -5 and 0 dB at 4 kHz and below and -5 and 5 dB at 6 and 8 kHz. The likelihood of spurious notches due to test-retest variability was substantially lower than the likelihood of failing to detect a notched configuration when present. Correlates of variability included stimulus frequency, baseline threshold, acoustic reflectance of the ear, average noise exposure during the previous eight hours, age, and the tester's level of education in audiology. Conclusion: The short-term variability in 8-kHz pure-tone thresholds obtained with the TDH-39P earphone was slightly greater than at other frequencies, but this difference was not large enough to justify the disadvantages stemming from the inability to detect a 6-kHz notch.
Auditory-system; Audiometry; Audiometers; Ears; Hearing-threshold; Hearing-conservation; Audiological-testing; Hearing-tests; Noise-exposure; Noise-frequencies; Noise-measurement; Dosimetry; Equipment-reliability; Humans; Age-factors; Hearing-acuity;
Author Keywords: Audiometry; noise-induced hearing loss; reliability; occupational health
Gregory A. Flamme, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Western Michigan University, 1903 W. Michigan Ave., Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
International Journal of Audiology