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Comparison of biomechanical and anatomical effects following eccentric and concentric exertions.
Chourasia-AO; Sesto-ME; Jung-Y; Howery-RS; Radwin-RG
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting, Sep 26-30, 2005, Orlando, Florida, Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2005 Sep; 49(14):1287-1291
Work place exertions may include muscle shortening (concentric) or muscle lengthening (eccentric) contractions. This study investigates the upper limb mechanical properties and magnetic resonance images (MRI) of the involved muscles following submaximal eccentric and concentric exertions. Twelve participants were randomly assigned to perform at 30 degrees per second eccentric or concentric forearm supination exertions at 50% isometric maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) for 30 minutes. Measurement of mechanical stiffness, isometric MVC, localized discomfort and MRI supinator: extensor signal intensity ratio was done before, immediately after, 1 hour after and 24 hours after the bout of exercise. A 53% average decrease in mechanical stiffness after 1 hour was observed for the eccentric group (p< 0.05) compared to a 1% average decrease for the concentric group (p> 0.05). Edema, indicative of swelling, was observed 24 hrs after exercise, with an average increase in the MRI supinator: extensor signal intensity ratio of 36% for the eccentric group and less than 10% for the concentric group (p<0.05).
Humans; Men; Women; Etiology; Muscle-function; Muscle-stress; Muscles; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Diseases; Power-tools; Hand-tools; Physiology; Physiological-function; Posture
Issue of Publication
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division