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Occupational physical assault and violence prevention training: the Minnesota educators' study.

Nachreinerr-NM; Gergerich-SG; Ryan-AD; McGovern-PM; Feda-DM; Sage-SK; Geiser-MS; Church-TR; Watt-GD; Mongin-SJ
APHA 136th Annual Meeting and Exposition, San Diego, California, October 25-29, 2008. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2008 Oct; :176673
Introduction: Recent events heightened awareness of school violence affecting educators. Previously, the focus had been on students, not teachers. Methods: Data were analyzed from a population-based study of 26,000 randomly selected Minnesota educators. 6469 were eligible and contacted in study Phase 1 to determine violent events. In Phase 2 (case-control study), cases (n=299 reporting physical assault in previous year) and controls n=(867, no events) provided exposure information for the month prior to assault, and randomly selected months, respectively. Directed acyclic graphs were used to select confounders for multiple regression analyses. Results: Response for each study phase was 84%. Cases and controls, respectively, reported being trained about the following ten topics by their current employer/school: resolving conflicts (55%, 54%); using appropriate restraining techniques (55%, 27%); reporting work-related physical assault (54%, 50%); preventing bullying (53%, 58%); reporting work-related harassment (52%, 52%); managing threats/assaults (51%, 44%); recognizing risk factors for violence (50%, 41%); having a violence prevention policy (49%, 37%); using self-defense (29%, 12%); and operating safety alarms or devices (20%, 22%). The majority of cases and controls received one-two sessions of violence prevention training in the past year (60%, 56%) for primarily less than five hours (cases, 37%; controls, 46%). Preliminary multivariate analyses indicated that those trained to use appropriate restraint techniques had an increased risk of physical assault (OR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.08-2.59). Conclusions: Empirical evidence on the efficacy of training on violence prevention is lacking. These data are critical to understand the association of training and physical assault of educators.
Force; Epidemiology; Teaching; Education; Physical-stress; Hazards; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Statistical-analysis; Behavior; Work-environment; Workers; Demographic-characteristics; Mental-health; Stress; Author Keywords: Violence; School Health
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APHA 136th Annual Meeting and Exposition, San Diego, California, October 25-29, 2008
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division