Impact of written violence policies in educational settings on risk of physical assault against Minnesota educators.
Feda DM; Gergerich SG; Ryan AD; Nachreiner NM; Alexander BH; Church TR; McGovern PM
APHA 136th Annual Meeting and Exposition, San Diego, California, October 25-29, 2008. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2008 Oct; :176773
Purpose: Few school violence policies have been studied with quantitative methods to evaluate their impact on workplace violence. This study analyzed nine different written violence policies and their impact on work-related physical assault in educational settings. Methods: Data were obtained from the Minnesota Educators' Study. Of 26,000 licensed educators, randomly selected from the Minnesota Department of Education's database, 6,180 eligible educators were enrolled in the comprehensive study. From this phase, cases (n = 372) who reported physical assaults within the last year, and controls (n = 1116) who did not, were included in the case-control study. Multivariate logistic regression analyses, using Directed Acyclic Graphs, were used to estimate risk of assault. Results: Overall response rates for the full study were: Phase I, 84% (78% full survey); Phase II, 84% (78% full survey). The rate of physical assault per 100 educators per year was 8.3. Results of the adjusted multivariate model indicated decreased risk of physical assault were associated with awareness of policies regarding how to report sexual harassment, verbal abuse, and threat (OR 0.53; 95% CI: 0.30-0.95); assurance of confidential reporting of events (OR 0.67; 95% CI: 0.44-1.04); and zero tolerance for violence (OR 0.70; 95% CI: 0.47-1.04). Conclusions: Awareness of policies, regarding how to report sexual harassment, threats or verbal abuse, assurance of confidential reporting, and zero tolerance for violence, in an educational setting, may help prevent work-related physical assault. This study better informs the quantitative impact that awareness of written violence policies have on physical assault risk.
Force; Epidemiology; Teaching; Education; Physical-stress; Hazards; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Statistical-analysis; Behavior; Work-environment; Workers
APHA 136th Annual Meeting and Exposition, San Diego, California, October 25-29, 2008
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities