Criteria for the collection of useful respirator performance data in the workplace.
Janssen-L; Zhuang-Z; Shaffer-R
J Occup Environ Hyg 2014 Apr; 11(4):218-226
Workplace protection factors (WPFs) are intended to measure the ability of a respiratory protective device (RPD) to reduce contaminant exposure when used in the context of an effective respiratory protection program. In 1992, members of the American Industrial Hygiene Association Respiratory Protection Committee (RPC) published a review of important issues and considerations for measuring respirator performance in the workplace. The RPC recognized that respirator testing in workplaces can have a variety of objectives and endpoints, and that not all workplace measurements are WPFs. That paper addressed concerns in the general categories of 1) study objectives; 2) site selection; 3) subject selection and preparation; 4) sampling and analytical methods; and 5) data analysis. No specific protocol for measuring WPFs was recommended by the RPC, and attempts to reach a U.S. consensus on a WPF protocol since 1992 have not succeeded. Numerous studies have implemented the principles for WPF measurement described in the RPC paper. Modifications to the original recommendations have been made to reflect the current state of the art. This article describes what has been learned in recent years in each of the five categories identified in the 1992 discussion. Because of the wide variety of workplaces and work activities, contaminants and respiratory protective devices, a strict protocol is not appropriate for collecting WPF data. Rather, the minimum requirements for the collection and presentation of meaningful respirator performance data in the workplace are described. Understanding of these principles will permit useful RPD performance data to be generated.
Workers; Work-environment; Respirators; Respiratory-protection; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Respiratory-equipment; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Air-contamination; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors; Measurement-equipment; Analytical-processes; Sampling;
Author Keywords: respirator; workplace protection factor; respirator performance; WPF
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene