NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

A manual of methods for measuring occupational EMF exposures.

Bowman JD; KeIsh MA
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 9-15, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 1998 May; :38
Methods for measuring exposures to electric and magnetic fields (EMF) have evolved rapidly, involving new study designs, instruments, and applications to a wide range of work environments. To assist industrial hygienists and researchers, NIOSH is developing a manual that makes successful methods for assessing EMF exposure more widely available. This project is an extension of NIOSH's decades-long program to publish exposure assessment methods for gases, vapors, and aerosols in the Manual of Analytical Methods. Although this predecessor publication has a single validated method for each agent, the EMF manual will contain different protocols that have been used successfully to measure a particular exposure metric. This kind of manual is needed because no single EMF method can meet all research and monitoring needs, given the uncertainty about possible health effects and the relevant exposure metric. Investigators can use this manual as a tool to develop new protocols for their particular needs. Like the Manual of Analytical Methods, the EMF manual will consist of self-contained protocols published in a loose-leaf binder so that new methods can be added in future editions. Each method consists of the detailed instructions preceded by a summary table in a standard format to facilitate comparisons between different methods. The methods collected for the first edition include personal monitoring of extremely low frequency EMF, magnetic field characterization in manufacturing, area measurements of static magnetic fields, and spot measurements surveys. The first edition also contains techniques for quality control/ calibration, and calculation of other exposure metrics. The manual is designed to be a reliable reference with application to a wide variety of occupational and environmental exposure assessments.
Analytical-methods; Analytical-instruments; Measurement-equipment; Electrical-fields; Electrical-measurement; Electromagnetic-fields; Electromagnetic-radiation; Magnetic-fields; Exposure-assessment; Analytical-methods; Monitoring-systems; Exposure-methods; Dosimetry; Quality-control; Quality-standards
Publication Date
Document Type
Fiscal Year
NIOSH Division
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 9-15, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia
Page last reviewed: April 1, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division