Workshop report: strategies for setting occupational exposure limits for engineered nanomaterials.
Gordon-SC; Butala-JH; Carter-JM; Elder-A; Gordon-T; Gray-G; Sayre-PG; Schulte-PA; Tsai-CS; West-J
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2014 Apr; 68(3):305-311
Occupational exposure limits (OELs) are important tools for managing worker exposures to chemicals; however, hazard data for many engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are insufficient for deriving OELs by traditional methods. Technical challenges and questions about how best to measure worker exposures to ENMs also pose barriers to implementing OELs. New varieties of ENMs are being developed and introduced into commerce at a rapid pace, further compounding the issue of OEL development for ENMs. A Workshop on Strategies for Setting Occupational Exposure Limits for Engineered Nanomaterials, held in September 2012, provided an opportunity for occupational health experts from various stakeholder groups to discuss possible alternative approaches for setting OELs for ENMs and issues related to their implementation. This report summarizes the workshop proceedings and findings, identifies areas for additional research, and suggests potential avenues for further progress on this important topic.
Nanotechnology; Health-standards; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Permissible-concentration-limits; Permissible-limits; Analytical-processes; Biological-factors; Toxic-materials; Health-hazards; Health-protection; Occupational-exposure; Hazardous-materials;
Author Keywords: Occupational exposure limit; Engineered nanomaterial; OEL; ENM; Workshop; Strategies; Alternatives
Steven C. Gordon, 3M Company, Toxicology Assessment and Compliance Assurance, 3M Center, Bldg. 220-6E-03, Saint Paul, MN 55144, USA
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
MN; PA; DC; NY; OH; IN