The Western Pennsylvania Silicosis Screening Project: the Pennsylvania partnership for the elimination of silicosis.
Cocalis JC; Mauger E; Stauffer J; Tyson P; Costello J; Conrad D
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 9-15, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 1998 May; :6
The Western Pennsylvania Silicosis Screening Project was conducted at five sites during May and June 1996 to estimate the proportion of silicosis- like abnormalities (SLA) in surface miners in the bituminous coal fields of Western Pennsylvania. Four organizations collaborated to plan, implement, and draw conclusions from this screening project. The Chronic Respiratory Disease Program of the Pennsylvania Department of Health, and its clinic at the Altoona Hospital, provided financial support, clinical staff, and one of the screening sites. The Mine Safety and Health Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor arranged field sites for the mobile facility, scheduled appointments from miners, and provided volunteer.; to administer questionnaires at all locations. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, provided the mobile screening facility for medical testing, technicians to perform spirometry and chest radiography, technical guidance, and supplies. The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine prepared the study protocol and data collection forms, developed data tracking procedures, performed data analysis, and generated reports related to outcomes (Department of Health Evaluation Sciences) and provided medical supervision (Department of Medicine). The results of this study indicate that silicosis is prevalent in surface miners in Western Pennsylvania and suggest the need for increased environmental controls and educational programs to prevent silicosis in the surface mining community. This project represents a successful partnership involving multiple organizations working together to assess the prevalence of an important occupational disease, silicosis.
Mining-industry; Miners; Respiratory-system-disorders; Silica-dusts; Silicosis; Medical-screening; Health-programs; Health-services; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Employee-exposure; Lung-disease; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-function-tests; Spirometry; Surveillance-programs; Surface-mining; Medical-personnel; Health-care-personnel; Health-science-personnel; Technical-personnel; X-ray-diagnosis; Chest-X-rays
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 9-15, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia