NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Department establishes latex allergy task force.
Occupational Health Surveillance Update 1999 Dec; :10-11
Natural latex gloves have proven effective in preventing transmission of many infectious diseases. Unfortunately, use of latex gloves in this preventive effort has contributed to the sensitization of at least 1-6% of the general population, and 7- 10% of the health-care workers to natural rubber latex allergens (see sidebar). Latex is composed of various lipids, phospholipids, and proteins. The proteins can sensitize or induce IgE antibodies production in predisposed individuals. Chemicals, including antioxidants and accelerators, added during the manufacturing process may cause hypersensitivity. The amount of latex protein exposure needed to produce sensitization or an allergic reaction is unknown. Reductions in exposure to latex proteins have been reported to be associated with decreased sensitization and symptoms.
Gloves; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Preventive-medicine; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Workers; Worker-health; Allergies; Allergic-reactions; Lipids; Phospholipids; Proteins; Hypersensitivity; Chemical-composition; Exposure-levels; Risk-factors
Occupational Health Surveillance Update
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division