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Racial minority-operated farms 2008: youth, injuries, & safety.

Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2014-111, 2014 Jan; :1-8
Racial Minority-Operated Farms: A survey of racial minority farm operators estimated that 56% of racial minority operated farms had youth less than 20 years of age on their farm sometime during 2008. 1. 37,443 youth lived on these farms. 2. 6,443 youth were hired by the farm operators. 3. 775,991 youth were visitors to these farms. 4. 54% of youth visitors were relatives. 5. 11% of youth relatatives visiting the farms performed work. Injuries on Racial Minority-Operated Farms: Racial minority farm operators reported an estimated 516 injuries to youth on their farms in 2008. 1. 310 of these injuries were on American Indian/Alaskan Native-operated farms, 110 on farms with Multi-racial operators, 73 on Black-operated farms, and 23 on Asian/Pacific Islander-operated farms. 2. More than half of the injuries were to youth living on the farm. 3. 37% of the injuries occurred to youth who were working or completing chores on the farm. 4. Almost three out of every four injuries occurred on livestock operations. General Farm Safety: 1. Restrict access to ponds, lagoons, pools and manure pits with locking gates. 2. Have water safety and rescue equipment at all farm ponds and train youth on proper usage. 3. Do not leave keys in the ignition of machinery or vehicles. 4. Talk to youth about the importance of rollover protective structures (ROPS) and seatbelt use on tractors. 5. Do not permit anyone without a driver's license to operate tractors or other vehicles on public roads.
Humans; Men; Women; Adolescents; Children; Demographic-characteristics; Sociological-factors; Farmers; Families; Fall-protection; Agriculture; Livestock; Equipment-design; Tractors; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Safety-belts; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Age-groups; Education; Training; Animals; Surveillance
Publication Date
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2014-111; M012014
NIOSH Division
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division