NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Examining occupational health and safety disparities using national data: a cause for continuing concern.

Authors
Steege-AL; Baron-SL; Marsh-SM; Menendez-CC; Myers-JR
Source
Am J Ind Med 2014 May; 57(5):527-538
NIOSHTIC No.
20043643
Abstract
Background: Occupational status, a core component of socioeconomic status, plays a critical role in the well-being of U.S. workers. Identifying work-related disparities can help target prevention efforts. Methods Bureau of Labor Statistics workplace data were used to characterize high-risk occupations and examine relationships between demographic and work-related variables and fatality. Results: Employment in high-injury/illness occupations was independently associated with being male, Black, <high school degree, foreign-birth, and low-wages. Adjusted fatal occupational injury rate ratios for 2005-2009 were elevated for males, older workers, and several industries and occupations. Agriculture/forestry/fishing and mining industries and transportation and materials moving occupations had the highest rate ratios. Homicide rate ratios were elevated for Black, American Indian/Alaska Native/Asian/Pacific Islanders, and foreign-born workers. Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of understanding patterns of disparities of workplace injuries, illnesses and fatalities. Results can improve intervention efforts by developing programs that better meet the needs of the increasingly diverse U.S. workforce.
Keywords
Workers; Worker-health; Demographic-characteristics; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Sociological-factors; Humans; Men; Agriculture; Forestry; Fishing-industry; Mining-industry; Transportation-industry; Materials-handling; Materials-transport; Surveillance-programs; Author Keywords: occupational health disparities; injury; fatality; occupation; industry; race; ethnicity; nativity; SOII; CFOI; CPS
Contact
Andrea L. Steege, PhD, MPH, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC/NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS R18, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20140501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
asteege@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
Identifying No.
M012014
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DSR
Priority Area
Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH; WV
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division