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Characterization of exposures to workers covered under the U.S. Energy Employees Compensation Act.
Health Phys 2014 Feb; 106(2):249-258
Since the mid-1940s, hundreds of thousands of workers have been engaged in nuclear weapons-related activities for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies. In 2000, Congress promulgated the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000 (EEOICPA), which provides monetary compensation and medical benefits to certain energy employees who have developed cancer. Under Part B of EEOICPA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is required to estimate radiation doses for those workers who have filed a claim, or whose survivors have filed a claim, under Part B of the Act. To date, over 39,000 dose reconstructions have been completed for workers from more than 200 facilities. These reconstructions have included assessment of both internal and external exposure at all major DOE facilities, as well as at a large number of private companies [known as Atomic Weapons Employer (AWE) facilities in the Act] that engaged in contract work for the DOE and its predecessor agencies. To complete these dose reconstructions, NIOSH has captured and reviewed thousands of historical documents related to site operations and worker/workplace monitoring practices at these facilities. Using the data collected and reviewed pursuant to NIOSH's role under EEOICPA, this presentation will characterize historical internal and external exposures received by workers at DOE and AWE facilities. To the extent possible, use will be made of facility specific coworker models to highlight changes in exposure patterns over time. In addition, the effects that these exposures have on compensation rates for workers are discussed. Introduction of Characterization of Exposures to Workers (Video 1:59, : <a href="http://links.lww.com/HP/A3"target="_blank">http://links.lww.com/HP/A3</a>).
Nuclear-energy; Nuclear-hazards; Radiation; Radiation-contamination; Radiation-effects; Radiation-exposure; Radiation-hazards; Radiation-injury; Radiation-properties; Radiation-sources; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-health; Cancer-rates; Dose-response; Cancer; Health-programs; Exposure-assessment; Employee-exposure; Work-operations; Workplace-monitoring; Author Keywords: dose reconstruction; radiation exposure; health effects; National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
James W. Neton, Associate Director for Science, Division of Compensation Analysis and Support, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Mail Stop C-46, Cincinnati, OH 45226
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Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division