Obesity and other risk factors: the National Survey of U.S. Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury.
Sieber-WK; Robinson-CF; Birdsey-J; Chen-GX; Hitchcock-EM; Lincoln-JE; Nakata-A; Sweeney-MH
Am J Ind Med 2014 Jun; 57(6):615-626
Background: Drivers of heavy and tractor-trailer trucks accounted for 56% of all production and nonsupervisory employees in the truck transportation industry in 2011. There are limited data for illness and injury in long-haul truck drivers, which prompted a targeted national survey. Methods: Interviewers collected data during 2010 from 1,670 long-haul truck drivers at 32 truck stops across the 48 contiguous United States that were used to compute prevalence estimates for self-reported health conditions and risk factors. Results: Obesity (69% vs. 31%, P < 0.01) and current smoking (51% vs. 19%, P < 0.01) were twice as prevalent in long-haul truck drivers as in the 2010 U.S. adult working population. Sixty-one percent reported having two or more of the risk factors: hypertension, obesity, smoking, high cholesterol, no physical activity, 6 or fewer hours of sleep per 24-hr period. Conclusion: Survey findings suggest a need for targeted interventions and continued surveillance for long-haul truck drivers.
Transportation; Transportation-industry; Transportation-workers; Divers; Truck-drivers; Trucking; Health-surveys; Body-weight; Body-burden; Weight-factors; Weight-measurement; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Questionnaires; Smoking; Cigarette-smoking; Hypertension; Sleep-deprivation; Work-intervals; Work-practices; National Health Interview Survey; NHIS; Worker-health;
Author Keywords: survey; truck driver; health; intervention; risk factor; surveillance; work practices
W. Karl Sieber, PhD, MS, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health M.S. R-17, 4476 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
DSHEFS; DSR; DART
Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
American Journal of Industrial Medicine