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Characteristics of Virginia farmers participating in a NIOSH CROPS demonstration project.

Hard-DL; McKenzie-EA; Cantis-D; Maass-J; Stone-B
International Society for Agricultural Safety and Health (ISASH) Annual Conference, June 25-28, 2012, Burlington, Vermont. Urbana, IL: International Society for Agricultural Safety and Health (ISASH), 2012 Jun; :26
Purpose/Objective: Determine barriers and factors to persuade farmers to retrofit cost-effective roll over protective structures (CROPS). Assess whether NIOSH designed CROPS could be successfully and repeatedly installed in the field by farm tractor owner/operators. Methods/Efforts: NIOSH designed and tested three cost-effective roll over protective structures (CROPS) for 4 tractor models: Ford 8N, Massey Fergusan (MY) 135, Ford 300 and Ford 4000 series model tractors. Twenty-five farm tractor owner/operators who had one of these tractors in VA were recruited through the efforts of the VA Farm Bureau Safety Program to demonstrate retrofitting a NIOSH-designed CROPS. The VA Farm Bureau Safety group scheduled the times and dates for the demonstration retrofits. These farmers were encouraged to recruit 4-6 additional observers to watch the retrofit process. In addition, they were asked to complete a survey with questions on why they hadn't retrofitted their tractor with a ROPS along with demographic questions. NIOSH personnel were on-site and available to assist in the installation process and supply tools if needed. Results/Findings: The majority of the farm tractor owner/operator demonstrators had Ford 3000 tractors (60%) which were retrofitted with a CROPS. Tractor age ranged from 1952 to 1977 (59-34 years old). All farmer demonstrators were male and their ages ranged from 32 to 83 years old; the size of farm ranged from 5-1500 acres. By participating in the NIOSH CROPS retrofitting project, seven farmers (28%) were able to have all their tractors protected with a ROPS thereby greatly reducing their risk of death or injury from a tractor roll over. Four farmers indicated they had youth 18 years of age or younger operating tractors on their farms for a total of six children whose ages ranged from seven to sixteen. One of these four farms had all their tractors protected with a ROPS. Farmer demonstrators were asked to rank order barriers indicating why they hadn't previously retrofitted their tractor with a ROPS. Cost was listed as being the most important reason followed by ROPS not available. Application to Field/Research: Cost is still an important factor for why farmers do not retrofit ROPS on their tractors, along with a ROPS not being available and it being a hassle to find a ROPS that will fit their tractor(s). Finding ways to address these concerns are important in order to increase the number of tractors with ROPS in the U.S.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Tractors; Demographic-characteristics; Surveillance
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NIOSH Division
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Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
International Society for Agricultural Safety and Health (ISASH) Annual Conference, June 25-28, 2012, Burlington, Vermont